Parihaka and the Promotion of Peace

“He will wield authority over the nations and adjudicate between many peoples: these will hammer their swords into ploughshares, their spears into sickles. Nations will not lift sword against nation, there will be no more training for war.” Isaiah 2:4 After the 1860 Waitara Land Purchase and the war it sparked between Maori and colonists, the New Zealand Settlement Act of 1863 made available four million acres of confiscated Maori land, now proclaimed Crown land, to European settlers. The prime reason for this action was “deterring the natives from resistance to the establishment of law”. Governor George Grey announced the
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